Klett-Cotta-Verlag Psychology
Haupbeitrag

Böses Blut – ein Rückblick: Bindung und Psychoanalyse, 2015


April 2017, 71. Jahrgang, Heft 4, pp 275-305

DOI 10.21706/ps-71-4-275



Zusammenfassung
Dieser Beitrag ist ein Versuch, die Geschichte der Beziehung zwischen Bindungstheorie und psychoanalytischem Denken nachzuzeichnen und zu klären, wo der Diskurs zwischen beiden Feldern heute steht. Die Autoren beschreiben einige Übereinstimmungspunkte sowie Bereiche, über die nach wie vor kontrovers diskutiert wird, und zeigen der Bindungsarbeit mögliche Richtungen auf, die für ihre Beziehung zur Psychoanalyse relevant sind. Insbesondere die Theorie des Mentalisierens wird als ein Denkansatz erläutert, dem sowohl bindungstheoretische als auch psychoanalytische Konzepte zugrunde liegen. Moderne Weiterentwicklungen der Mentalisierungstheorie werden im Rahmen einer Darlegung der künftigen Entwicklungen des bindungstheoretischen Denkens beschrieben. Zwei Konstrukte, die mit der Bindung und mit dem Mentalisieren zusammenhängen, nämlich epistemisches Vertrauen und das Konzept eines allgemeinen Psychopathologie-Faktors, werden ebenso diskutiert wie die Implikationen dieser Überlegungen für ein Verständnis der Faktoren, die effektiven psychotherapeutischen Intervention gemeinsam sind.

Abstract
Bad Blood revisited: Attachment and psychoanalysis, 2015. – This article attempts to trace the intellectual history of the relationship between at-tachment theory and psychoanalytic thinking, and considers where we are now in the discourse between the two fields. The authors describe some of the points of convergence, as well as areas of continuing contention, and suggest future directions for attachment work which have a bearing on its relation-ship with psychoanalysis. In particular, mentalizing theory is discussed as a line of thinking that draws on both attachment ideas and psychoanalysis; recent developments in mentalizing are described within an argument about the future development of attachment thinking. Two constructs connected to attachment and mentalizing, epistemic trust and the concept of a general factor in psychopathology, are discussed along with the implications of these ideas for thinking about the common factors that effective psychotherapeutic interventions share.

Résumé
Animosité – rétrospective : attachement et psychanalyse, 2015. – Cet ar-ticle revient sur l’histoire de la relation entre théorie de l’attachement et pensée psychanalytique et tente d’expliquer où en est le discours entre ces deux champs aujourd’hui. Les auteurs décrivent quelques points d’accord ainsi que les domaines où il y a encore controverse; ils indiquent quelques directions qui pourraient faire sens dans la relation entre la théorie de l’attachement et la psychanalyse. La théorie de la mentalisation, commune à la fois à la théorie de l’attachement et à certains concepts psychanalytiques, est prise comme point de départ. Des développements modernes de la théorie de la mentalisation sont décrits dans le cadre d’une présentation des déve-loppements à venir de la théorie de l’attachement. Deux domaines qui sont communs à l’attachement et à la mentalisation – la confiance épistémique et le concept de facteur psychopathologique général – sont évoqués dans cet article, de même que leur implication dans la compréhension des facteurs communs aux interventions psychothérapeutiques effectives.
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